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Old 2005-05-13, 17:18   #2
Washuu
 
Mar 2005
Poland

3410 Posts
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Holmes
...
But how it works for a general numbers like a*b^n-1?

Or the algorithm used in PRP3.exe isn't related to LL-tests? If it isn't, may i kindly ask for a short explanation or a link to such?
Sure. First of all - take look at this page (but whole site is worth of reading): http://primes.utm.edu/prove/index.html.

The theorem used in testing number as Probable Prime is Fermat Little Theorem.

Fermat's Little Theorem: If p is a prime and if a is any integer, then a^p = a (mod p). In particular, if p does not divide a, then a^(p-1) = 1 (mod p).

In most cases we choose a=2, as multiplying by 2 is very simple in binary system, used by computers. This test gives only certainty of number being composite in 99% cases (when 2^(p-1) != 2 mod p), and pretty good PROBABILITY of number being prime, if 2^(p-1) = 1 mod p.

One of algorithm for PROVING primarility of n follows:

Let n > 1. If for every prime factor q of n-1 there is an integer a such that

* a(n-1) = 1 (mod n), and
* a(n-1)/q is not 1 (mod n);

then n is prime.

That should be enough for now, come back here when you read mentioned webpage :)

Regards,

Washuu
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